Physical And World Geography, Indian Geography, Mapping, Human And Economic Geography Notes By Yuvraj IAS

Physical And World Geography, Indian Geography, Mapping, Human And Economic Geography Notes For UPSC Prelims & Mains By Yuvraj IAS 


Physical & World Geography

1. What is Geography?
2. Origin & Evolution Of Earth
3. Structure Of The Earth
4. Continental Drift
5. Earthquakes & Seismic Waves
6. Volcanoes
7. Volcanic Landforms
8. Air
9. Inside The Earth
10. Environment
11. Major Landforms – Mountains, Plateaus, and Plains
12. Major Domains of The Earth
13. Motions of the earth: Rotation and Revolution
14. MAPS
15. Latitudes & Longitudes
16. Standard Time and Time Zones
17. Celestial Bodies
18. Mass movements
19. Geomorphic processes
20. Weathering
21. Significance Of Weathering
22. Biological Weathering
23. Physical Weathering
24. Chemical Weathering
25. Exogenic processes
26. Endogenic Process
27. Factors Controlling Temperature Distribution
28. Composition and Structure of the Earth’s Atmosphere
29. General circulation of the Atmosphere
30. Heating and Cooling of atmosphere
31. Atmospheric Pressure
32. Tropical Cyclones
33. The Rock Cycle
34. Forces Affecting the Velocity and Direction of Wind
35. The Nitrogen Cycle
36. The Oxygen Cycle
37. The Carbon Cycle
38. Biogeochemical Cycles
39. Salinity Of Ocean Water
40. Horizontal And Vertical Distribution Of Salinity
41. Koeppen’s Climate Classification
42. Climate Change
43. The Hydrologic Cycle
44. Ocean Waves
45. Clouds
46. Evaporation And Condensation
47. Erosional landforms
48. Glacial Depositional Landforms
49. Glacial Erosional Landforms
50. Types of Rainfall
51. Elements, Minerals, and Rocks
52. Minor Relief of the Ocean floor
53. Ocean Floor And Its Features

Indian Geography

1. India: Geographical Extent & Frontiers
2. Rock System Based on Geological History Of India
3. Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas & Purvanchal
4. Regional Divisions of Indian Himalayas
5. Himalayas: Glaciers, Valleys & Snowline
6. Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra Plain | Bhabar, Terai, Bhangar, Khadar
7. Divisions of Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra Plains
8. The Peninsular Plateau
9. Hills of Peninsular India: Aravalis, Vindhyas, Satpuras, Western & Eastern Ghats
10. Coastline of India-Coastal Plains of India
11. The Island Groups
12. Drainage pattern
13. Drainage System
14. The Indus System
15. The Ganga River System
16. The Brahmaputra River System
17. The Peninsular River System
18. Peninsular River Flowing towards the East
19. Peninsular River Flowing Towards the West
20. Mechanism of Indian Monsoons
21. Indian Monsoon Mechanism: Jet Stream Theory
22. Indian Monsoons: Role of Tropical Easterly Jet, Tibet, Somali Jet & Indian Ocean Dipole
23. Indian Climate | Factors Affecting Indian Climate
24. Indian Climate: Summer & Winter Seasons
25. Indian Climate: South West Monsoon Season
26. Indian Climate: Retreating Monsoon Season (North East Monsoons)
27. Annual Rainfall [South West Monsoons + Retreating Monsoons
28. Natural Vegetation of India: Moist Tropical, Dry Tropical, Montane Sub-tropical, Montane Temperate & Alpine Forests
29. Soil Types: Sandy, Clayey & Loamy | Soil Profile (Soil Horizon)
30. Factors that influence soil formation in Indian Conditions
31. Major Soil Types of India: Alluvial Soils & Black Soils
32. Major Soil Types of India: Red Soils, Lateritic Soils & Alkaline Soils

Human And Economic Geography

1. Human Resources
2. Human Development
3. Human Settlement
4. Rural Settlement
5. Indicators of Development
6. Composition of Indian population
7. Urban Settlements in India
8. Urbanisation in India
9. Functional Classification of Towns
10. Dichotomy of Human Geography
11. Human Development Index in India
12. Racial Groups of India
13. Schedule Tribes in India
14. Schedule Castes in India
15. Population Policies of India
16. Human Migration
Economic Geography
17. Sectors of Economy: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Quaternary and Quinary
18. Factors Responsible for the Location of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sector Industries in Various Parts of the World (Including India)
19. Geographical Indication (GI) Tags in India
20. Distribution of Major Industries: Location Factors
21. Iron Ore in the World
22. Iron Ore Distribution in India | Types of Iron Ore
23. Coal | Types of Coal: Peat, Lignite, Bituminous Coal & Anthracite Coal
24. Distribution of Coal in India: Gondwana Coalfields & Tertiary Coalfields
25. Distribution of Petroleum and Mineral Oil in India
26. Natural Gas Distribution: India
27. Unconventional Gas Resources: Shale Gas & Coalbed Methane
28. Manganese Ore Distribution across India & World
29. Gold & Silver Distribution across India & World
30. Copper, Nickel & Chromite Distribution across India & World
31. Bauxite, Lead & Zinc, Tungsten & Pyrites Distribution across India and World
32. Nuclear Fission, Components of Nuclear Reactor, Types of Nuclear Reactors
33. Uranium & Thorium Distribution across India & World
34. India’s Three-Stage Nuclear Power Programme
35. Diamond & Graphite Distribution across India & World
36. Mica, Limestone & other Non-Metallic Minerals in India
37. Renewable & Non-Conventional Sources Of Energy


1. Highest Peaks in States of India
2. Important lakes of India
3. Major Ports in India
4. Hydroelectric Power Plants in India
5. Marine Protected Areas in India
6. List of Dams and Reservoirs in India
7. List of National Parks in India
8. Thermal Power Plants In India
9. National Waterways in India
10. Major national highways in India
11. Important Cities and Rivers
12. Major Crops In India
13. The Major River Systems in India
14. Natural Vegetation in India
15. Classification Of Soil in India
16. Biosphere Reserve in India
17. Important Mountain Passes in India
18. Major Straits of the world
19. Major Local Winds Around Globe
20. Industrial Regions in India
21. Mineral belts in India
22. Petroleum and Natural Gas
23. Major Chemical fertilizer Industries in India
24. Major Pharmaceutical Companies in India
25. List of Domestic airports in India
26. List of International airports in India
27. Oil and Gas Pipelines In India
28. List of Wetlands in India
29. List Of States From Where Tropic of Cancer Passes
30. List of Indian States and Union Territories and Their Capitals
31. Seas, Gulfs, Bays, And Straits Of The Indian Ocean
32. UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites: Names from India
33. List of Famous Places in India
34. List of Zoos in India
35. List of waterfalls in India
36. List Of Deserts In India
37. The International Border Lines of India
38. List of High courts in India
39. List of universities in India
40. Project Tiger Reserves of India
41. List of Elephant Reserves of India
42. List of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India
43. List of volcanoes in India
44. List of Famous Beaches in India
45. Important Islands of India
46. Hill Stations of India
47. Mountains and Hills of India
48. Highest Mountains of Indian States
49. List of Indian Air Force stations
50. Museums in India
51. Important Industrial Towns of India
52. Bridges, Statues, Stupas in India
53. Indian Monuments and Why they were built
54. Caves, Gates and Towers of India
55. Central Jails & Libraries in India
56. Mosques and Tombs in India
57. Forts and Palaces of India
58. Temples of India
59. Archeological Sites and their locations
60. Gardens in India
61. Mineral Wealth of India – Steel
62. Forest Cover in India
63. Important Fairs of India
64. Classical and Folk Dances of India
65. Nuclear Power Stations In India
66. Nuclear Power Plants coming up
67. Heavy Water Plants in India
68. List of valleys in India
69. List of Important Glaciers of the Himalayas Mountain Range
70. National Waterways in India
71. Earthquake Zones in India
72. List of Space Centers in India
73. Rocket Launch Sites In India

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